The First 7 Things Your Puppy Should Learn
A young puppy is eager to learn. They are like a sponge, absorbing everything around them. As their owner, it is your job to teach them the things they need to know to be a happy, well-behaved dog. Before a puppy learns tricks, they need to know the basics.
So, what are the basics?
Here are the first 7 things your puppy should learn when they arrive at their new home.
#1 Teaching Your Puppy Their name
This is the first and most important thing your puppy should learn. Why? Because once they know their name they can start learning all the other things you want them to know. It will also help keep them safe. If they know their name, you’ll be able to pull their attention from whatever they’re doing. For example, running off into a potentially dangerous situation.
Start by saying their name often and rewarding them when they respond to it. Soon they’ll come running whenever they hear you say it!
#2 Teaching Your Puppy Where to sleep
To make sure your puppy is comfortable in their new home they should know where they’re supposed to sleep. You might want them to sleep in their crate, or in a designated spot in your home. Either way, make sure they have a comfortable place to rest their head at night.
If a puppy feels out of place they will be more likely to cry at night or have accidents in the house. If they have their own space, they can feel safe and secure and start to settle into their new life with you.
#3 Teaching Your Puppy “No”
A puppy needs to learn what they should not do. Whether it’s jumping on the furniture or chewing on your shoes, make sure they know what is off-limits. Start by teaching them the word “no” and make sure you are consistent with its use.
Use this word with a firm tone whenever they do something they’re not supposed to do and reward them when they stop. If necessary, add a physical cue to help them understand, such as placing your hand on their chest to stop them from jumping. Soon they will understand that “no” means to stop what they’re doing.
#4 Teaching Your Puppy How to Potty Train
This is an important one! You’ll want to start teaching your puppy where they should go to the bathroom as soon as possible. The sooner they learn, the fewer accidents you’ll have to deal with in your home. There are a number of different potty training methods you can use, so find one that works best for you and your puppy. Here are some common potty training tips you might want to try if you have a young puppy at home.
- Take them outside frequently, especially after they wake up, eat or drink, or after playing.
- Use the same door to go outside each time so they associate it with going to the bathroom.
- Choose a word or phrase to use every time you take them out (such as “go potty”) and be consistent with its use.
- When they go, praise them and maybe give them a treat.
- Keep an eye on them while they’re inside so you can take them out as soon as they show signs that they need to go.
The most important thing is to be patient and consistent. Puppies will have accidents, but if you’re consistent with your training they will learn where they should go to the bathroom in no time.
#5 Teaching Your Puppy How to be Alone
You won’t always be around to keep your puppy entertained, so it’s important that they learn how to stay calm and relaxed when they are alone. If a puppy doesn’t feel comfortable being alone it can lead to separation anxiety which can cause problems such as urinating and defecating, excessive barking or howling, chewing and destruction, and defiance to escape.
Start by teaching them to stay in their crate or a designated spot for short periods of time, and gradually increase the amount of time they spend alone. They will most likely cry at first. Allow them time to settle in without tending to their cries and they will promptly learn that crying does not bring you back
You can also try leaving them with a chew toy or bone to keep them occupied and make sure they have plenty of exercise before you leave so they’re tired out and more likely to take a nap while you’re gone.
#6 Teaching Your Puppy How to Play With Others
Puppies need to learn how to socialize and play with other dogs. This is important for their development and will help them stay happy and healthy as they grow up. Start by taking them to the dog park or set up playdates with your friends’ puppies.
Let them sniff and explore each other, and always keep an eye on them to make sure the play is friendly and not too rough. If things start to get too heated, separate them for a break.
It’s also important to teach your puppy how to play nicely with people. Start by introducing them to as many different people as possible, such as family, friends, and even strangers. Let them approach each person on their own terms so they’re not overwhelmed or scared.
Encourage the person to pet your puppy, and praise your puppy when they greet them calmly. If they start to jump or bite, have the person stop petting them and walk away. This will help encourage good behavior and help them develop good relationships with people.
#7 Teaching Your Puppy How to Walk on a Leash
All dogs love to go for walk. It’s great for their health and keeps their energy levels balanced. But before you can do that, as a puppy they’ll need to learn how to walk on a leash. Start by getting them used to wearing a collar and leash, and then start practicing walking around the house. A young puppy will most likely want to chew on the leash or pull away from the direction you’re walking. Here are some quick tips to help you correct this behavior.
- If they start to pull, stop walking and stand still until they calm down.
- When they’re walking nicely by your side, praise them and give them a treat.
- Make sure you have short walks at first so they don’t get too tired or frustrated.
- Remember to be patient, as it takes time for puppies to learn.
Following these simple tips will help your puppy learn how to enjoy walks on the leash, and eventually lead to happy adventures together.
Whether you’re a new puppy parent or just thinking about getting one, it’s important to know the basics of how to train them. These 7 tips will get your puppy started on the right path so they can learn quickly and easily. Be patient, consistent, and keep an open mind – training a puppy is a lot of work but it’s definitely worth it in the end!